The peak of oil discoveries was in 1965, and oil production per year has surpassed oil discoveries every year since 1980.In the 18th and 19th centuries, whale oil was commonly used for lamps, which was replaced with natural gas and then electricity.Above the maximum temperature the oil is converted to natural gas through the process of thermal cracking.

In order of net exports in 2011, 20 in thousand bbl / d and thousand m3/d: # Exporting nation 103bbl/d (2011) 103m3/d (2011) 103bbl/d (2009) 103m3/d (2009) 103bbl/d (2006) 103m3/d (2006) 1 Saudi Arabia (opec) 8,336 1,325 7,322 1,164 8,651 1,376 2 Russia 1 7,083.However, it is classified as "mineral oil" instead of as "organic oil" because its organic origin is remote (and was unknown at the time of its discovery and because it is obtained in the vicinity of rocks, underground traps, and sands.The 2008 economic crisis seems to have had some impact on the sales of such vehicles; still, in 2008 oil consumption showed a small increase.

It is often considered a spiritually purifying agent and is used for anointing purposes.82 Total world production/consumption (as of 2005) is approximately 84 million barrels per day (13,400,000 m3/d).